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Vent Microbes (Biotic Group)

Component: Biotic

Unique Identifier: 551

Biotic Setting Benthic/Attached Biota
Biotic Class Microbial Communities
Biotic Subclass Mat/Film Forming Microbes
Biotic Group Vent Microbes
Biotic Community Thiobacillus Communities
Thermoacidophiles Communities


Description
Definition Areas dominated by chemoautotrophic bacteria living on or near hydrothermal vents. These bacteria can use the chemicals present around the vent as an energy source. The bacteria are present in the water column and on substrate near vents as bacterial mats, films, and strands. They form the primary food source (as symbionts or as free-living bacterial clusters) for the gigantic and diverse fauna that inhabit Vent Communities. Vent Microbes colonize new vents, making the area hospitable to other fauna.